Hemorrhoids occur when the veins around the anus or lower rectum become swollen and inflamed usually resulting from severe constipation, straining during bowel movement, pregnancy ( hemorrhoidal vessels become enlarged due to pressure on the abdomen, changes in hormones, and pressure from actual childbirth). The pressure of the fetus on the abdomen, as well as hormonal changes, cause the hemorrhoidal vessels to enlarge. These vessels are also placed under severe pressure during childbirth (, aging or diarrhea. Hemorrhoids can be internal where they are just inside the anus or external where they under the skin surrounding the anus.
Symptoms accompanying hemorrhoids vary per person. Some people have no symptoms while others may see bright red blood when they pass stool; this can be in the stool itself, the toilet or on the toilet paper. Other symptoms more associated with external hemorrhoids include painful swelling or a hard lump around the anus that results when a blood clot forms. Further irritation will result from excessive straining, rubbing or cleaning around the anus. Hemorrhoid symptoms are usually short-term lasting for just a few days.
Remedies for Hemorrhoids
- Eat foods natural in fibers (vegetables, fruits, whole grain) and drink a lot of fluids such as water and juices to soften stools and relieve the pressure and straining of constipation.
- Herbal remedies like Witch Hazel and Horse Chestnut can be used to treat hemorrhoids. Witch hazel has astringent and antiseptic properties and can be applied as a compress or cream to the anal area to help sooth and shrink hemorrhoids. Horse chestnut has medicinal properties that can be used to treat inflammation, fever, arthritis and other ailments. It main ingredient Aescin, has been found to close the small pores in the walls of the veins and reduce leakage of fluid into the surrounding tissues. It can be taken as a tea or applied topically.
- Apply hot and cold compresses to the vein to soothe the irritated area.
- Apple cider vinegar taken orally can help to stop bleeding hemorrhoids. Mix two teaspoons apple cider vinegar with a glass of water and take with meals. Apply apple cider vinegar topically to the affected areas to stop itching and burning. Its astringent qualities will also help shrink swollen blood vessels.
- Sulfur has antibacterial properties that will help in healing hemorrhoids. Mix one teaspoonful of Flowers of Sulfur with one tablespoonful of Vaseline. Apply two or three times a day.
- A mixture of sulfur and cream of tartar is said to be effective in reducing hemorrhoidal swelling and relieving hemorrhoidal symptoms.
- Use a sitz bath for therapeutic treatment of hemorrhoids. Immerse the hips and buttocks in warm water for up to 15 minutes several times a day. Ensure the water is warm and not hot as this will cause further injury to the tissues. The moist heat will give great relief of hemorrhoidal discomfort.
- Use Aloe, Apis Mellifica, and Calendula as homeopathic treatments for hemorrhoids. Aloe helps in soothing a sore, bleeding or hot anus; apis soothes external burning and itching; while calendula is a healing agent that promotes rapid healing.
- A good home remedy is to keep the anus dry. If the anal A moist anal area is prone to irritation and infection of the skin. Sprinkle the anus with cornstarch or baby powder to absorb any moisture. A large cotton fluff, torn from a commercially available “roll of cotton,” should be placed between the buttocks to absorb excessive moisture.