Commonly known as dorsalgia, back pain is a medical condition in which a patient experiences sharp or dull pain in the right, left, upper and lower parts of the back. The pain can be felt in one part or it can radiate in the other parts. To ensure that the condition is not serious and does not need an immediate medical assistance, it is important to know the various back pain symptoms. In order for physicians to perform efficient back pain diagnosis, it is necessary that patients have an understanding on the different causes of back pain. After identifying the real cause of the condition, patients should ask medical experts about the safe and effective back pain relievers that they can intake or use.
Back Pain Symptoms
Some of the most common symptoms of this medical condition include persistent tingling and stabbing ache in the back. Another usual symptom is chronic pain in the lower or middle back. However, patients who usually experience severe ache that extends to the back of the leg are advised to seek help from physicians because the condition can have an underlying serious cause. Other symptoms, which indicate that patients need to ask for immediate medical assistance, are shooting ache in the middle or upper back accompanied with tingling feeling in the arms and legs as well as shooting backache accompanied with fecal or urine incontinence.
Causes of Back Pain
Patients who frequently experience this condition should have a background on the different causes or underlying conditions associated with backache. Strains are the usual cause of backache but they should also know the various structural problems related to the health condition. These include ruptured disks, arthritis, sciatica and osteoporosis. When it comes to serious and rare conditions, back pain can be caused by spine cancer, infection in the spine as well as cauda equina syndrome.
Back Pain Diagnosis
To diagnose or detect the real cause of the medical condition, physicians use different techniques and perform various tests. Medical experts usually identify the medical history of the patient before performing tests to avoid having problems. Some of the tests used to identify the cause of backache are myelogram, x-ray, computed tomography and discogram.
Back Pain Relief
To relieve the pain, some physicians recommend to intake or drink relievers like muscle relaxants and non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs. Patients can also try the different conservative treatments such as physical therapy, acupuncture, massage therapy and regular exercise. Lumbar disc herniation and spinal stenosis are some of the surgical procedures that can also be performed by medical experts to ease the pain.
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