About a third of these cases appear at birth and the rest among young children. While its cause is still unclear, significant information about the symptoms have been discovered.
Causes of Hemangioma Pain
Its cause is still unknown. Several studies indicate that estrogen signaling may have something to do with it. The research seems to show soft tissue hypoxia and estrogen may be causing it.
Meanwhile, researchers at Harvard University show that maternal placenta undergoes embolizing to the fetal dermis. However, this report is being contradicted by other studies. Researchers at Duke University conduced tests on the nucleotide polymorphisms within the tissue itself.
The results were then compared with the DNA of the mother and seemed to contradict the findings at Stanford. These findings indicate more research is needed to correlate the reports.
Hemangioma Pain Symptoms
It can be at the upper skin layers (capillary hemangioma) or at a deeper part (cavernous hemangioma). In some instances it’s a combination of both. The most conspicuous sign is a red lesion right on the skin. Sometimes the color can be reddish purple. It’s usually located on the neck or in the face.
If left untreated, the ailment can cause complications. If the hemangioma is hurt, it will bleed. If the bleeding is serious it might develop into a severe problem. If the ailment is located near the eyelid it will disrupt the vision. Breathing difficulties might occur if the hemangioma is in the larynx.
The most common problem is psychosocial in nature. Its presence near the lips or nose may alter an individual’s appearance. Taunting and derisive remarks from others will affect the child.
Hemangioma Pain Diagnosis
If the lesion is atop the skin, the doctor will determine if any operation is necessary at all. Majority of the cases will dissipate on their own. If it’s the cavernous type, an MRI may be performed. A CT scan might be used to check for any complications.
On rare occasions, the lesion will be accompanied by other health conditions. This will necessitate other examinations. If the lesion breaks or bleeds, the doctor will check for any infections.
Segmental hemangioma is connected with the PHACES Syndrome. It often occurs when the lesions are big and in the neck and head area.
Hemangioma Pain Relief
Most of the time, these dissipate by themselves. 50% vanish by age 5. 90% of cases will disappear before age 10. The light types (called strawberry) are best left alone. They’ll go away eventually. If the sore interferes with eye vision, laser treatment can remove it.
The larger and deeper types may require steroid injections. Some doctors combine both laser and steroid. Other forms of treatment include oral corticosteroid therapy and taking interferon.
Interferon and vincristine are given only if coristeroid doesn’t work. If there are breathing difficulties, a tracheostomy will be needed. Propranolol is also be being used.
Advances in medical science have made it easy to deal with and remove severe hemangioma pain. To avoid any problems, have the child checked by a doctor to determine the best possible course of action.