Ovarian cyst is a collection of fluid, which is covered by a supremely thin wall. An ovarian follicle measuring no less than two centimeters is considered right away as an ovarian cyst. Its size usually varies, ranging from as little as a small pea up to as big as a cantaloupe. Although it is generally considered benign, it can still cause serious health problems to women especially in terms of pain and bleeding. Understand this health problem better by taking a closer look at the various ovarian cyst symptoms, treatments and diagnosis.
Signs of Ovarian Cyst
Doctors can easily identify the presence of an ovarian cyst with the help of the different minor and major symptoms. Early on, patients can feel dyspareunia, intermittent pelvic pain and menstrual irregularities. Likewise, they can also experience other signs such as bloating, strange pain in the rib area and headaches. When suffering from this particular health condition, it is possible to have increased body hair or facial hair. Infertility, fatigue and weight gain can make the experience more difficult for patients.
Because of the pressure found somewhere within the pelvic area, bowel movements are more difficult. The same thing also happens when urinating, mainly due to the inability of the bladder to empty itself fully. There is also bloating, swelling and pressure affecting the abdominal region. The lower back, vagina and pelvis are expected to experience sharp, sudden and dull pain. Spotting, abnormal uterine bleeding and irregular periods can cause severe discomfort to patients.
Ovarian Cyst Diagnosis
Patients must undergo a series of tests in order for doctors to come up with highly accurate diagnosis and findings. As part of this important diagnostic procedure, medical experts need to examine a variety of all-important factors such as the composition, size as well as shape of the cyst. In addition, there is a need to conduct other methods like pregnancy tests, which can help identify the presence of the so-called corpus luteum cyst.
Meanwhile, a pelvic ultrasound is necessary to provide a clear view of ovaries and uterus. This is very important for analysis, which can confirm whether there are ovarian cysts present. Other diagnostic procedures that can help physicians come up with highly reliable findings are the CA 125 blood test and laparoscopy.
Ovarian Cyst Treatment
To reduce the chance of cysts to develop, doctors may prescribe birth control pills to patients. Furthermore, these oral contraceptives can also reduce the chances of patients to develop ovarian cancer. In addition, patients can also choose from a variety of surgical procedures available including hysterectomy, oophorectomy and cystectomy.