The kidney can falter acutely or chronically. An acute failure can be cured. Chronic failure can be fatal. Both however, need to be diagnosed by a doctor immediately.
Kidney Failure Signs
Chronic failure can stem from injuries or infections. The acute type is caused by diseases. When it fails, toxins can no longer be taken out of the body. Those with acute failure will have swollen hands and feet. The blood pressure goes up. This is accompanied by dizziness and feelings of nausea.
Among the major symptoms is growing frequency of nighttime urination. As stated, this is accompanied by high blood pressure. These are early indicators. As the condition worsens, anemia develops. Urea may appear, and problems with bones and joints are felt. Edema and blood in the urine are other symptoms.
Sometimes the urine is foamy rather than bloody. Other signs are frequent headaches. There is also a feeling of deep exhaustion. This is because the toxins are no longer being flushed out of the body.
Kidney Failure Diagnosis
Diagnosis will begin with extensive blood tests. The exam will evaluate the levels of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen in the body. The amount of uric acid, sodium and potassium will be examined too. The urine samples will be analyzed. The objective is to assess the protein level still left.
Numerous tests will be conducted to determine if it is chronic or acute failure. Among these examinations are MRI scans, CT scans and renal biopsy. An ultrasound will also be performed. An arteriogram of the kidneys will be necessary. The bladder will also be assessed. X-rays may be done in other crucial body parts as well.
Kidney Failure Treatment
Treatment will depend on what caused the failure. Blood transfusions may be necessary. Diuretics or fluids may be processed through the veins. Various types of medications are usually prescribed. The number and amount will depend on the severity of the illness.
Other modes of treatment are hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. The objective is the same; to eliminate the body wastes and toxins. Hemofiltratin may also be performed.
However, dialysis remains the primary treatment for those with kidney problems. Not only are the wastes and toxins carried out, but electrolytes and other needed vitamins are inserted into the bloodstream.
Kidney Failure Prevention
Managing the blood pressure is crucial. Try to keep it under 130/70. High blood might cause complications that affect the kidneys. Cigarette smoke is another factor that may cause kidney problems.
Drinking too much alcohol must also be prevented. Kidneys process the liquids out of the body. Too much alcohol make them work extra hard and could lead to complications.
Drinking eight glasses of water will help immensely. Water cleanses the body. It also helps if you eat a healthy diet. Too many spices and sauces may cause problems. Having regular urine and blood tests ensures any ailments will be detected early.
The best way to fight off kidney failure is to live and eat responsibly. By taking care of your body, your kidney will take care of you.