Category Archives for Urinary Tract

End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

End stage Renal Disease or ESRD, occurs when the kidneys fail to function properly. They are no longer able to remove the wastes from the body and their lack of functioning can affect other important body functions.  It is a stage that is characterized by acute kidney impairment which is irreversible. It can no longer be controlled by conservative management alone, and treatment options for  this serious condition include dialysis or kidney transplant. Symptoms of End Stage Renal Disease The symptoms...

What Causes Kidney Stones?

Definition A kidney stone is a hard mass developed from crystals that separate from the urine within the urinary tract. Normally, urine contains chemicals that prevent or inhibit the crystals from forming. These inhibitors do not seem to work for everyone, however, so some people form stones. If the crystals remain tiny enough, they will travel through the urinary tract and pass out of the body in the urine without being noticed. Kidney stones may contain various combinations of chemicals. The most...

Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic kidney Disease (PKD), also known as polycystic kidney syndrome, is a genetic disorder of the kidneys, caused due to the presence of multiple cysts or fluid-filled sac-like structures. These cysts result in the kidneys becoming enlarged and interfere with their normal functioning. This disease causes damage primarily to the liver and pancreas, but in some cases, it could even damage the heart and brain. The kidney acts as an excretory organ and when someone has PKD, the kidney cannot...

Kidney Stone Symptoms

Statistics show that nearly 10% of the population will experience this health condition in one form or the other at some time. However, this ailment can be cured if diagnosed early. Kidney Stones Signs Some minor symptoms include dull pain in the rib area. Gradually the pain increases. There will be painful spasms from under the ribs and the hip bone. Eventually the sensation will move towards the inner thigh. The major indicator for women is pain in the vulva. For males ache is felt in the testicles. In...

Kidney Infection Symptoms

This ailment is actually a complicated form of UTI (urinary tract infection). The signs and symptoms are the following. Not all of them may appear at the same time. Kidney Infection Signs One of the early symptoms is a dull ache at the back. The pain intensity isn’t constant though, and some can be intense while others just a throbbing sensation. There is an occasional stomach ache without diarrhea. High grade fever occurs and the patient feels physically drained and spent. There is also a sense...

Chronic Kidney Disease

  Kidneys are a pair of vital organs that are located at the rear of the abdominal cavity. These bean-shaped organs have numerous funtions that are extremely important for the proper functioning of the human body. They filter the blood and remove wastes that have been directed into the urinary bladder. Other functions of the kidneys include regulation of blood pressure and electrolytes and maintenance of acid-base balance. They also take care of the reabsorption of amino acids, glucose and...

Bladder Infection Symptoms

Inflammation of the urinary bladder and urethra are known as UTI (urinary tract infection). There are actually two types, cystitis and urethritis. Their symptoms are similar though. Bladder Infections Signs One of the early warning signs is that urination becomes more frequent. In most cases urination becomes painful (this condition is called dysuria). Nearly half of women with UTI experience fever. There is usually some minor pain in the lower back or sides. In more serious cases, the pain is...

Kidney Disease Symptoms

There are numerous ailments that can affect the kidneys. Both the doctor and patient need to be aware of the signs so correct treatment can be administered. Kidney Disease Signs There are different kinds of ailments that may arise. These include chronic kidney failure, analgesic nephropathy and kidney cancer. Other possibilities are nephritis and renal disease. All of these will exhibit their own symptoms. However there are major and minor signs that are present in most cases. These will include...