Category Archives for Uncategorized

What Causes Macrodactyly?

Definition Macrodactyly is an uncommon birth defect in which toes or fingers are abnormally large due to overgrowth of underlying bone and soft tissue-particularly the nerves, fat and skin of the involved digit or digits. It is more commonly considered static, with the enlarged digit (finger or toe) continuing to grow at the same rate as the normal digits of the hand, but it can be progressive, with the affected digits growing faster than the rest of the hand. In the static type, the involved digits...

Growing Pains

Growing pains are aching symptoms that are commonly felt by children. The pains are usually felt in the muscles and are experienced at night or late afternoon. The severity of the pains can range from acute to chronic. The conditions can be recurrent and can be absent from several days to months. These may not be associated with serious illnesses but the symptoms can be disturbing and it can affect the life of children so parents are advised to seek medical help from pediatricians. To learn more...

What Causes High SGPT?

Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) is an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. SGPT is released into blood when the liver or heart is damaged. The blood SGPT levels are thus elevated with liver damage (for example, from viral hepatitis) or with damage to the heart (for example, from a heart attack). Some medications can also raise SGPT levels. Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase is also known as Alanine transaminase or ALT. Although SGPT is found primarily in the liver...

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative disorder that affects the central nervous system which progressively causes deterioration of functions such as motor skills and speech. It is classified within the group of movement disorders. It characteristically produces tremor, slow physical movements, muscle rigidity and in severe cases the inability to move altogether. Read more

Hand Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD)

The hand foot and mouth disease is a common disease (viral illness of infants) among children. The disease causes fever and blister like eruptions in the mouth or skin rash. It is often being confused with foot and mouth disease of cattle, sheep, and swine. The two diseases are not the same. Moreover, they are caused by different viruses. Humans do not get the animal diseases and animals do not get the human diseases. Read more

What Causes Low Platelet Count?

A platelet (also known as thrombocyte) is defined as an irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting. During normal blood clotting, the platelets clump together. Platelets are the smallest of the three major types of blood cells, the normal platelet count is 150,000 to 350,000 per microliter of blood, but since platelets are so small, they make up just a tiny fraction of the blood volume. The principal function of platelets is to prevent bleeding. Platelets are produced...

Kawasaki Disease

Kawasaki syndrome or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome is also known as Kawasaki Disease.  It is a disease that can affect many organ systems in the body including the blood vessels, mucous membranes, skin and lymph nodes. It may lead to serious consequences if the disease begins to affect the heart and causes severe coronary aneurysms. About 80% of the people with the disease are under age five. However, children over age eight can be rarely affected. The disease occurs more often among boys (over...

What Causes Purple Lips?

Purple lips also know as Cyanosis is a medical condition that causes discoloration and bluing of the skin and membranes. Linked to lack of oxygen, cyanosis may be attributed to underlying lung or breathing problems. Often seen in infants with birth defects or lung problems, cyanosis also affects the elderly. Although human blood is always a shade of red, the optical properties of skin distort the dark red color of deoxygenated blood to make it appear bluish purple. Cyanosis can occur in the fingers,...