Category Archives for Uncategorized

Symptoms of Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome is a condition that occurs due to the presence of an extra 21st chromosome. It is named after the British physicist, John Langdon Down. Down Syndrome can be detected through a series of screenings and tests, performed before child birth. However, it is not possible to predict how these complications will develop, after the birth of the child. People with Down Syndrome can encounter cognitive and physical disabilities and  their problems can range from mild to severe, but having said...

Home Remedies for Head Lice

Head lice are small parasitic insects which mainly live on the scalp and neck hairs of humans. Lack of hygiene or sanitation is not a cause of head lice. Head lice are contagious and are passed from an infected person to uninfected person by direct head-to-head contact, shared combs and hairbrushes, hats and other hair and head accessories. They can also be found on bedding or upholstered furniture for a short time. Read more

What Causes Macrodactyly?

Definition Macrodactyly is an uncommon birth defect in which toes or fingers are abnormally large due to overgrowth of underlying bone and soft tissue-particularly the nerves, fat and skin of the involved digit or digits. It is more commonly considered static, with the enlarged digit (finger or toe) continuing to grow at the same rate as the normal digits of the hand, but it can be progressive, with the affected digits growing faster than the rest of the hand. In the static type, the involved digits...

Growing Pains

Growing pains are aching symptoms that are commonly felt by children. The pains are usually felt in the muscles and are experienced at night or late afternoon. The severity of the pains can range from acute to chronic. The conditions can be recurrent and can be absent from several days to months. These may not be associated with serious illnesses but the symptoms can be disturbing and it can affect the life of children so parents are advised to seek medical help from pediatricians. To learn more...

What Causes High SGPT?

Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) is an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. SGPT is released into blood when the liver or heart is damaged. The blood SGPT levels are thus elevated with liver damage (for example, from viral hepatitis) or with damage to the heart (for example, from a heart attack). Some medications can also raise SGPT levels. Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase is also known as Alanine transaminase or ALT. Although SGPT is found primarily in the liver...

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative disorder that affects the central nervous system which progressively causes deterioration of functions such as motor skills and speech. It is classified within the group of movement disorders. It characteristically produces tremor, slow physical movements, muscle rigidity and in severe cases the inability to move altogether. Read more

Hand Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD)

The hand foot and mouth disease is a common disease (viral illness of infants) among children. The disease causes fever and blister like eruptions in the mouth or skin rash. It is often being confused with foot and mouth disease of cattle, sheep, and swine. The two diseases are not the same. Moreover, they are caused by different viruses. Humans do not get the animal diseases and animals do not get the human diseases. Read more

What Causes Low Platelet Count?

A platelet (also known as thrombocyte) is defined as an irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting. During normal blood clotting, the platelets clump together. Platelets are the smallest of the three major types of blood cells, the normal platelet count is 150,000 to 350,000 per microliter of blood, but since platelets are so small, they make up just a tiny fraction of the blood volume. The principal function of platelets is to prevent bleeding. Platelets are produced...