Category Archives for Uncategorized

Symptoms of MRSA Infection

MRSA infection is a severe medical problem caused by the bacterium called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This is a tricky infection as it is resistant to different kinds of beta-lactam antibiotics such as oxacillin, dicloxacillin and of course methicillin. People with weakened immune systems, invasive devices and open wounds have higher risks of acquiring this severe disease. Common causes include antibiotic resistance and staph infections. Let’s take a closer look at this serious...

What Causes Pain in a Leg?

Definition Trauma is the most obvious cause of leg pain. Falls, near falls, and twisting injuries can damage bones, muscles, and joints or a combination of all three. There are many non-traumatic causes of leg pain. Causes of pain in leg Fractures: The terms fracture, broken, and cracked all mean the same thing when referring to a bone. It means that the integrity of the bone has been compromised. The most common symptom is pain which arises from the nerve endings located in the lining of the bone...

What Causes Polydactyly?

Polydactyly, polydactylia, polydactylism or hyperdactyly is a congenital abnormality where an individual is born with more than the normal number of fingers and toes. The condition is usually inherited as a dominant abnormal gene from one parent and is passed on at birth. Persons that have polydactyly may have fully developed fingers/toes or undeveloped ones. A further disorder may also occur where there is also fusing or webbing of the extra fingers and toes, this is call polysyndactyly. Polysyndactyly...

What Causes Heat Stroke?

heaDefinition A heat stroke is mainly the harshest form of any heat related illness, when this occurs the temperature of the body will be higher than 41.1oC or (106oF). Most times this can be linked to neurological dysfunction. All this is however, very different than fever, as with fever there is only a physiological increase in the normal temperature set point of the body. Heat stroke is thus a very serious medical condition and must be responded to urgently, for the body systemic way of cooling...

What Causes Treachers Collins Syndrome?

Treacher-Collins syndrome is a hereditary condition that causes facial defects. Another name for this is Mandibulofacial dysostosis Treacher-Collins syndrome is caused by a defective protein called treacle. The condition is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. In about 60 per cent of cases there’s no family history and the condition is due to a new mutation of the gene. In such cases, there’s only a tiny chance that a second child with the condition will be born to the parents, but...

What Causes Down Syndrome?

There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in human cells. An individual will receive one pair of chromosome from each parent. Down syndrome is referred to as a common chromosome disorder which results when an individual has three copies of the 21st chromosome known as Trisomy 21 instead of two. Persons with Down syndrome will suffer from mental retardation and malformations (such as heart defects), and physical deformation of the body including the face. Down syndrome is a birth defect that alters a child’s...

Toe Pain

Despite its relatively small size, the toe is a very sensitive part of the human body. Once it is injured or harmed, people can easily feel insurmountable amount of pain. Common causes include Morton’s neuroma or Morton’s syndrome, bunions and turf toe syndrome. These factors can cause severe pain and dull feeling to the left, right, lower and upper portions of the toe. Be relieved from the pain and discomfort caused by these problems by knowing the possible treatments, causes as well as symptoms...

What Causes Low Platelets?

Platelets, or thrombocytes, are described as “small, irregularly-shaped anuclear cells (i.e. cells that do not have a nucleus containing DNA), 2-3 µm in diameter which are derived from fragmentation of precursor megakaryocytes”; megakaryocytes are bone marrow cells and the platelets are able to enter the bloodstream through broken megakaryocytes caused by thrombopoietin (hormone that maintains the platelet count). Platelets, red cells and plasma largely make up the composition of human and animal...