Category Archives for Uncategorized

Cushing’s Disease

Definition and Causes Cushing’s disease refers to the manifestation of Cushing’s syndrome as a result of a pituitary gland tumour or tumours. The pituitary gland is located at the lower portion of the brain and controls cortisol production within the body. The small tumours may cause the adrenal glands to produce too much cortisol resulting in significant changes to the body. The tumours themselves are not typically malignant or cancerous however if they enlarge they may cause vision...

What Causes Chills?

The term “chills” is usually used to refer to the feeling of being cold that a person experiences after being exposed to a cold environment and persons will sometimes say that they have the chills because goose bumps come up on them to raise the hairs on their body for insulation; the term is also used when people are frightened or nervous and tremble as a result. However the term can also be used to refer to an episode of shivering, caused by a variety of illnesses, and accompanied by paleness,...

Mercer Disease

Mercer Disease is a highly infectious disease caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. It is also known as MRSA which is an acronym for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. What makes mercer disease so dangerous is the fact that as its name suggests it is resistant to many antibiotics which are normally used to treat Staph Infections. Read more

What Causes Low Platelets?

Platelets, or thrombocytes, are described as “small, irregularly-shaped anuclear cells (i.e. cells that do not have a nucleus containing DNA), 2-3 µm in diameter which are derived from fragmentation of precursor megakaryocytes”; megakaryocytes are bone marrow cells and the platelets are able to enter the bloodstream through broken megakaryocytes caused by thrombopoietin (hormone that maintains the platelet count). Platelets, red cells and plasma largely make up the composition of human and animal...

What Causes Low Sodium in the Human Body?

The normal concentration of sodium in the blood plasma is 136-145 mm. If the sodium level falls too low, it’s called hyponatremia; if it gets too high, it’s called hypernatremia. A sodium level in the blood that is too low is dangerous and can cause seizures and coma. Sodium is a mineral element which is an important part of the human body. It controls the volume of fluid in the body and helps maintain the acid-base level. About 40% of the body’s sodium is contained in bone, some...

Mad Cow Disease

Mad cow disease or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease found in cattle that leads to a spongy degeneration of the brain and spinal chord. The incubation period is considerably long and affects adult cattle. All breeds are vulnerable to getting the disease. As the disease progresses, the animal is likely to behave in an odd manner including having an inability to stand because of irreversible brain degeneration. The disease appeared fairly recently and has...

What Causes Circulatory Shock?

What is Circulatory Shock Circulatory shock, commonly known as just shock, is a serious, life-threatening medical condition characterized by a decrease in tissue perfusion to a point at which it is inadequate to meet cellular metabolic needs. As the blood carries oxygen and nutrients around the body, reduced flow hinders the delivery of these components to the tissues, and can stop the tissues from functioning properly. Circulatory shock should not be confused with the emotional state of shock as...

Symptoms of Anemia

Anemia is a serious health concern wherein patients usually suffer from lower than normal red blood cell count or lower than normal hemoglobin quantity in their blood. It is classified into three different types, namely red blood cell deficiency, excessive blood cell destruction and excessive blood loss. Learn how to manage this medical condition by learning the major and minor symptoms of anemia, as well as its different diagnostic procedures and efficient treatments. Signs of Anemia When suffering...