Category Archives for Uncategorized

What Causes Low Platelets?

Platelets, or thrombocytes, are described as “small, irregularly-shaped anuclear cells (i.e. cells that do not have a nucleus containing DNA), 2-3 µm in diameter which are derived from fragmentation of precursor megakaryocytes”; megakaryocytes are bone marrow cells and the platelets are able to enter the bloodstream through broken megakaryocytes caused by thrombopoietin (hormone that maintains the platelet count). Platelets, red cells and plasma largely make up the composition of human and animal...

Hypothermia Treatment

Defining Hypothermia Hypothermia is a condition where a person’s core body temperature goes down far below the temperature required for normal metabolism. A human being’s body temperature is almost always constantly maintained at 36.5 to 37.5 degrees Celsius or 98 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. This constant body temperature is maintained through thermoregulation or otherwise known as homeostasis. Understanding this condition is essential in hypothermia treatment. Causes of Hypothermia Hypothermia...

What Causes Purple Lips?

Purple lips also know as Cyanosis is a medical condition that causes discoloration and bluing of the skin and membranes. Linked to lack of oxygen, cyanosis may be attributed to underlying lung or breathing problems. Often seen in infants with birth defects or lung problems, cyanosis also affects the elderly. Although human blood is always a shade of red, the optical properties of skin distort the dark red color of deoxygenated blood to make it appear bluish purple. Cyanosis can occur in the fingers,...

Swine Flu Symptoms

Also known as H1N1 influenza or hog flu, swine flu is a viral infection caused by viruses that are endemic in hogs or pigs. Humans who are regularly exposed to pigs are at risk of having this disease. The severity of the infection depends on the virus strain experienced by patients. The virus strains include influenza A subtypes H1N1, H1N2, H3N1, H3N2 as well as H2N3. Aside from the subtypes, influenza C also causes hog flu. To prevent the etiology of other diseases associated with the infection...

Lower Right Abdominal Pain

Characterized by sudden or recurrent pain in the right part below the umbilicus or belly button, lower right abdominal pain can be caused by minor injuries or serious disorders. In this regard, it is important for patients to identify which symptoms indicate medical emergencies to avoid suffering from life-threatening health conditions. To know which are the appropriate treatments, physicians should be able to diagnose the underlying cause of the pain. Below are the common symptoms and causes as...

What Causes a Tingling Sensation in the Left Arm?

Paresthesia is defined as “subjective cutaneous sensations (e.g., cold, warmth, tingling, pressure, etc.) that are experienced spontaneously in the absence of stimulation”. Paresthesia is associated with abnormal burning or prickling sensations commonly felt in the hands, arms, legs and feet. It may also occur in other areas of the body and usually does not come with any pain. Numbness, buzzing or itching are also possible sensations that may be felt. “Pins and needles” is a common phrase...

What Causes Pain in a Leg?

Definition Trauma is the most obvious cause of leg pain. Falls, near falls, and twisting injuries can damage bones, muscles, and joints or a combination of all three. There are many non-traumatic causes of leg pain. Causes of pain in leg Fractures: The terms fracture, broken, and cracked all mean the same thing when referring to a bone. It means that the integrity of the bone has been compromised. The most common symptom is pain which arises from the nerve endings located in the lining of the bone...

Abdominal Pain

Also known as stomachache, abdominal pain is a health condition that can be associated with serious illnesses or transient diseases. This condition can be felt in the upper, lower, right or left parts of the stomach. It can be categorized into four types, which include aching in the parietal peritoneum as well as the gradual or sudden pain in the abdomen. To know more about this medical condition, it is important to look at the various abdominal pain symptoms and causes. In addition, it is advantageous...