Category Archives for Uncategorized

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease or borreliosis is an infectious disease that is derived from three specific species of bacteria from the genus borrelia. The strain of bacteria responsible for the infection in the United States is Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto while in Europe the strain has been identified as Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii. The disease is transmitted through tick bites from a specific kind of tick, for example the deer tick which contains the bacterium in its stomach. It is the most prevalent...

What Causes Macrodactyly?

Definition Macrodactyly is an uncommon birth defect in which toes or fingers are abnormally large due to overgrowth of underlying bone and soft tissue-particularly the nerves, fat and skin of the involved digit or digits. It is more commonly considered static, with the enlarged digit (finger or toe) continuing to grow at the same rate as the normal digits of the hand, but it can be progressive, with the affected digits growing faster than the rest of the hand. In the static type, the involved digits...

Atherosclerosis Disease

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up on the insides of your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body. The Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. The flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body is reduced. This can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death....

Wilson’s Disease

Wilson’s Disease is a genetic disorder that prevents the body from getting rid of extra copper. A small amount of copper obtained from food is needed to stay healthy, but too much copper is poisonous. In the case of Wilson’s Disease, copper builds up in the liver, brain, eyes and other organs. Over time, high copper levels can cause life-threatening organ damage. Symptoms of Wilson’s Disease Wilson’s Disease first attacks the liver, the central nervous system or both. A buildup...

What Causes Low Sodium?

Definition Hyponatremia is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood. Sodium is an electrolyte that helps with nerve and muscle function, and also helps to maintain blood pressure Causes of low sodium Narrowing down what causes low sodium can be a complex process. The important thing is to identify why you are not taking in as much sodium as you should, as you need to reverse this condition as quickly as possible. Sodium is important, as it helps the body do everything from regulate...

Hypothermia Treatment

Defining Hypothermia Hypothermia is a condition where a person’s core body temperature goes down far below the temperature required for normal metabolism. A human being’s body temperature is almost always constantly maintained at 36.5 to 37.5 degrees Celsius or 98 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. This constant body temperature is maintained through thermoregulation or otherwise known as homeostasis. Understanding this condition is essential in hypothermia treatment. Causes of Hypothermia Hypothermia...

Leg Pain

The leg is one of the busiest, most used and highly important parts of the human body. It serves basic functions like standing, walking and running. However, its functionalities are hampered by injuries and infections, both of which can cause severe pain to the lower, upper, right and left parts of the leg. To understand what this medical condition is all about, it is quite necessary to look at its symptoms, diagnosis, causes as well as treatments. Leg Pain Symptoms The signs and symptoms of leg...

What Causes Circulatory Shock?

What is Circulatory Shock Circulatory shock, commonly known as just shock, is a serious, life-threatening medical condition characterized by a decrease in tissue perfusion to a point at which it is inadequate to meet cellular metabolic needs. As the blood carries oxygen and nutrients around the body, reduced flow hinders the delivery of these components to the tissues, and can stop the tissues from functioning properly. Circulatory shock should not be confused with the emotional state of shock as...