Category Archives for Uncategorized

Symptoms of MRSA Infection

MRSA infection is a severe medical problem caused by the bacterium called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This is a tricky infection as it is resistant to different kinds of beta-lactam antibiotics such as oxacillin, dicloxacillin and of course methicillin. People with weakened immune systems, invasive devices and open wounds have higher risks of acquiring this severe disease. Common causes include antibiotic resistance and staph infections. Let’s take a closer look at this serious...

Lyme Disease Symptoms

Also referred to as borreliosis, Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by three different bacteria species, namely Borrelia garinii, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto. When left untreated, patients may develop further complications such as cognitive defects, facial palsy and chronic joint inflammation. Add to these, it can also lead to changes in sleep habits, memory loss and heart rhythm irregularities. Help fight off the different Lyme disease symptoms by knowing its...

What Causes Down Syndrome?

There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in human cells. An individual will receive one pair of chromosome from each parent. Down syndrome is referred to as a common chromosome disorder which results when an individual has three copies of the 21st chromosome known as Trisomy 21 instead of two. Persons with Down syndrome will suffer from mental retardation and malformations (such as heart defects), and physical deformation of the body including the face. Down syndrome is a birth defect that alters a child’s...

What Causes Pain in a Leg?

Definition Trauma is the most obvious cause of leg pain. Falls, near falls, and twisting injuries can damage bones, muscles, and joints or a combination of all three. There are many non-traumatic causes of leg pain. Causes of pain in leg Fractures: The terms fracture, broken, and cracked all mean the same thing when referring to a bone. It means that the integrity of the bone has been compromised. The most common symptom is pain which arises from the nerve endings located in the lining of the bone...

Tay-Sach’s Disease

Tay-Sachs disease is a fatal genetic lipid storage disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called ganglioside build up in tissues and nerve cells in the brain. The disease is named after the British ophthalmologist Warren Tay who first described the red spot on the retina of the eye in 1881, and the American neurologist Bernard Sachs of Mount Sinai Hospital, New York who described the cellular changes of Tay-Sachs and noted an increased prevalence in the Eastern European Jewish...

Swine Flu Symptoms

Also known as H1N1 influenza or hog flu, swine flu is a viral infection caused by viruses that are endemic in hogs or pigs. Humans who are regularly exposed to pigs are at risk of having this disease. The severity of the infection depends on the virus strain experienced by patients. The virus strains include influenza A subtypes H1N1, H1N2, H3N1, H3N2 as well as H2N3. Aside from the subtypes, influenza C also causes hog flu. To prevent the etiology of other diseases associated with the infection...

What Causes Low Platelet Count?

A platelet (also known as thrombocyte) is defined as an irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting. During normal blood clotting, the platelets clump together. Platelets are the smallest of the three major types of blood cells, the normal platelet count is 150,000 to 350,000 per microliter of blood, but since platelets are so small, they make up just a tiny fraction of the blood volume. The principal function of platelets is to prevent bleeding. Platelets are produced...

Pain Between Your Shoulder Blades

Pain in this particular body part can be due to any number of ailments. Some can be serious while other causes are quite ordinary. Causes of Pain between Shoulder Blades Oftentimes the cause is mundane. Typing for several hours might result in throbbing pain. If you work on the computer nonstop, the pain might become chronic. A more serious cause is a gallbladder attack. Most of the time discomfort here begins in the abdomen but it can go up to the shoulders. Arthritis is another potential culprit....