Category Archives for Uncategorized

What Causes Chills?

The term “chills” is usually used to refer to the feeling of being cold that a person experiences after being exposed to a cold environment and persons will sometimes say that they have the chills because goose bumps come up on them to raise the hairs on their body for insulation; the term is also used when people are frightened or nervous and tremble as a result. However the term can also be used to refer to an episode of shivering, caused by a variety of illnesses, and accompanied by paleness,...

Mercer Disease

Mercer Disease is a highly infectious disease caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. It is also known as MRSA which is an acronym for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. What makes mercer disease so dangerous is the fact that as its name suggests it is resistant to many antibiotics which are normally used to treat Staph Infections. Read more

What Causes Low Platelets?

Platelets, or thrombocytes, are described as “small, irregularly-shaped anuclear cells (i.e. cells that do not have a nucleus containing DNA), 2-3 µm in diameter which are derived from fragmentation of precursor megakaryocytes”; megakaryocytes are bone marrow cells and the platelets are able to enter the bloodstream through broken megakaryocytes caused by thrombopoietin (hormone that maintains the platelet count). Platelets, red cells and plasma largely make up the composition of human and animal...

Lyme Disease Symptoms

Also referred to as borreliosis, Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by three different bacteria species, namely Borrelia garinii, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto. When left untreated, patients may develop further complications such as cognitive defects, facial palsy and chronic joint inflammation. Add to these, it can also lead to changes in sleep habits, memory loss and heart rhythm irregularities. Help fight off the different Lyme disease symptoms by knowing its...

What Causes Low Sodium in the Human Body?

The normal concentration of sodium in the blood plasma is 136-145 mm. If the sodium level falls too low, it’s called hyponatremia; if it gets too high, it’s called hypernatremia. A sodium level in the blood that is too low is dangerous and can cause seizures and coma. Sodium is a mineral element which is an important part of the human body. It controls the volume of fluid in the body and helps maintain the acid-base level. About 40% of the body’s sodium is contained in bone, some...

Mad Cow Disease

Mad cow disease or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease found in cattle that leads to a spongy degeneration of the brain and spinal chord. The incubation period is considerably long and affects adult cattle. All breeds are vulnerable to getting the disease. As the disease progresses, the animal is likely to behave in an odd manner including having an inability to stand because of irreversible brain degeneration. The disease appeared fairly recently and has...

What Causes Circulatory Shock?

What is Circulatory Shock Circulatory shock, commonly known as just shock, is a serious, life-threatening medical condition characterized by a decrease in tissue perfusion to a point at which it is inadequate to meet cellular metabolic needs. As the blood carries oxygen and nutrients around the body, reduced flow hinders the delivery of these components to the tissues, and can stop the tissues from functioning properly. Circulatory shock should not be confused with the emotional state of shock as...

What Causes Low Sodium?

Definition Hyponatremia is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood. Sodium is an electrolyte that helps with nerve and muscle function, and also helps to maintain blood pressure Causes of low sodium Narrowing down what causes low sodium can be a complex process. The important thing is to identify why you are not taking in as much sodium as you should, as you need to reverse this condition as quickly as possible. Sodium is important, as it helps the body do everything from regulate...