Category Archives for Uncategorized

Hypothermia Treatment

Defining Hypothermia Hypothermia is a condition where a person’s core body temperature goes down far below the temperature required for normal metabolism. A human being’s body temperature is almost always constantly maintained at 36.5 to 37.5 degrees Celsius or 98 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. This constant body temperature is maintained through thermoregulation or otherwise known as homeostasis. Understanding this condition is essential in hypothermia treatment. Causes of Hypothermia Hypothermia...

Atherosclerosis Disease

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up on the insides of your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body. The Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. The flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body is reduced. This can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death....

What Causes a Person to Blackout?

Syncope is defined as “partial or complete loss of consciousness with interruption of awareness of oneself and ones surroundings”. When the loss of consciousness is temporary and the person recovers spontaneously, it is referred to as syncope or, in non-medical terms as  fainting. Syncope or fainting, results from a temporary reduction in the blood flow and insufficient oxygen supply to the brain. When this occurs, the individual may experience lightheadedness, a “blackout” episode or loss...

Abdominal Pain

Also known as stomachache, abdominal pain is a health condition that can be associated with serious illnesses or transient diseases. This condition can be felt in the upper, lower, right or left parts of the stomach. It can be categorized into four types, which include aching in the parietal peritoneum as well as the gradual or sudden pain in the abdomen. To know more about this medical condition, it is important to look at the various abdominal pain symptoms and causes. In addition, it is advantageous...

Tay-Sach’s Disease

Tay-Sachs disease is a fatal genetic lipid storage disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called ganglioside build up in tissues and nerve cells in the brain. The disease is named after the British ophthalmologist Warren Tay who first described the red spot on the retina of the eye in 1881, and the American neurologist Bernard Sachs of Mount Sinai Hospital, New York who described the cellular changes of Tay-Sachs and noted an increased prevalence in the Eastern European Jewish...

What Causes Polydactyly?

Polydactyly, polydactylia, polydactylism or hyperdactyly is a congenital abnormality where an individual is born with more than the normal number of fingers and toes. The condition is usually inherited as a dominant abnormal gene from one parent and is passed on at birth. Persons that have polydactyly may have fully developed fingers/toes or undeveloped ones. A further disorder may also occur where there is also fusing or webbing of the extra fingers and toes, this is call polysyndactyly. Polysyndactyly...

What Causes Heat Stroke?

heaDefinition A heat stroke is mainly the harshest form of any heat related illness, when this occurs the temperature of the body will be higher than 41.1oC or (106oF). Most times this can be linked to neurological dysfunction. All this is however, very different than fever, as with fever there is only a physiological increase in the normal temperature set point of the body. Heat stroke is thus a very serious medical condition and must be responded to urgently, for the body systemic way of cooling...

What Causes Treachers Collins Syndrome?

Treacher-Collins syndrome is a hereditary condition that causes facial defects. Another name for this is Mandibulofacial dysostosis Treacher-Collins syndrome is caused by a defective protein called treacle. The condition is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. In about 60 per cent of cases there’s no family history and the condition is due to a new mutation of the gene. In such cases, there’s only a tiny chance that a second child with the condition will be born to the parents, but...