Category Archives for Uncategorized

Kawasaki Disease

Kawasaki syndrome or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome is also known as Kawasaki Disease.  It is a disease that can affect many organ systems in the body including the blood vessels, mucous membranes, skin and lymph nodes. It may lead to serious consequences if the disease begins to affect the heart and causes severe coronary aneurysms. About 80% of the people with the disease are under age five. However, children over age eight can be rarely affected. The disease occurs more often among boys (over...

What Causes Seizures?

A seizure is an involuntary and uncontrolled movement of the muscle. A person experiencing a seizure falls and becomes rigid while this uncontrolled voluntary movement is been experienced. This uncontrolled movement comes unexpectedly on the victims and may impose serious health risks to the victims. This is because the person has no control over their actions they can end up injuring themselves. Also they may start frothing at the mouth and in some cases lose control of their bladder and/bowel movement....

Mitochondrial Disease

Mitochondrial diseases comprise those disorders that in one way or another affect the function of the mitochondria or are due to mitochondrial DNA. Mitochondrial diseases take on unique characteristics both because of the way the diseases are often inherited and because mitochondria are so critical to cell function. The subclass of these diseases that have neuromuscular disease symptoms are often referred to as a mitochondrial myopathy. Read more

Symptoms of Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome is a condition that occurs due to the presence of an extra 21st chromosome. It is named after the British physicist, John Langdon Down. Down Syndrome can be detected through a series of screenings and tests, performed before child birth. However, it is not possible to predict how these complications will develop, after the birth of the child. People with Down Syndrome can encounter cognitive and physical disabilities and  their problems can range from mild to severe, but having said...

What Causes Low Sodium?

Definition Hyponatremia is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood. Sodium is an electrolyte that helps with nerve and muscle function, and also helps to maintain blood pressure Causes of low sodium Narrowing down what causes low sodium can be a complex process. The important thing is to identify why you are not taking in as much sodium as you should, as you need to reverse this condition as quickly as possible. Sodium is important, as it helps the body do everything from regulate...

What Causes a Person to Blackout?

Syncope is defined as “partial or complete loss of consciousness with interruption of awareness of oneself and ones surroundings”. When the loss of consciousness is temporary and the person recovers spontaneously, it is referred to as syncope or, in non-medical terms as  fainting. Syncope or fainting, results from a temporary reduction in the blood flow and insufficient oxygen supply to the brain. When this occurs, the individual may experience lightheadedness, a “blackout” episode or loss...

What Causes Pain in a Leg?

Definition Trauma is the most obvious cause of leg pain. Falls, near falls, and twisting injuries can damage bones, muscles, and joints or a combination of all three. There are many non-traumatic causes of leg pain. Causes of pain in leg Fractures: The terms fracture, broken, and cracked all mean the same thing when referring to a bone. It means that the integrity of the bone has been compromised. The most common symptom is pain which arises from the nerve endings located in the lining of the bone...

What Causes Macrodactyly?

Definition Macrodactyly is an uncommon birth defect in which toes or fingers are abnormally large due to overgrowth of underlying bone and soft tissue-particularly the nerves, fat and skin of the involved digit or digits. It is more commonly considered static, with the enlarged digit (finger or toe) continuing to grow at the same rate as the normal digits of the hand, but it can be progressive, with the affected digits growing faster than the rest of the hand. In the static type, the involved digits...