Category Archives for Uncategorized

What Causes Dizziness?

Defintion Feeling dizzy is not an illness, but a symptom of something else. Dizziness is a common description for many different feelings. The feeling of dizziness may be very familiar to you, yet difficult to describe. The most common types of dizziness are vertigo and syncope. Vertigo is a medical term to describe the feeling of spinning, whirling, or motion either of yourself or your surroundings. This is the same feeling you might have after getting off a merry-go-round or spinning in place....

Leg Pain

The leg is one of the busiest, most used and highly important parts of the human body. It serves basic functions like standing, walking and running. However, its functionalities are hampered by injuries and infections, both of which can cause severe pain to the lower, upper, right and left parts of the leg. To understand what this medical condition is all about, it is quite necessary to look at its symptoms, diagnosis, causes as well as treatments. Leg Pain Symptoms The signs and symptoms of leg...

Symptoms of MRSA Infection

MRSA infection is a severe medical problem caused by the bacterium called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This is a tricky infection as it is resistant to different kinds of beta-lactam antibiotics such as oxacillin, dicloxacillin and of course methicillin. People with weakened immune systems, invasive devices and open wounds have higher risks of acquiring this severe disease. Common causes include antibiotic resistance and staph infections. Let’s take a closer look at this serious...

Lyme Disease Symptoms

Also referred to as borreliosis, Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by three different bacteria species, namely Borrelia garinii, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto. When left untreated, patients may develop further complications such as cognitive defects, facial palsy and chronic joint inflammation. Add to these, it can also lead to changes in sleep habits, memory loss and heart rhythm irregularities. Help fight off the different Lyme disease symptoms by knowing its...

What Causes Down Syndrome?

There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in human cells. An individual will receive one pair of chromosome from each parent. Down syndrome is referred to as a common chromosome disorder which results when an individual has three copies of the 21st chromosome known as Trisomy 21 instead of two. Persons with Down syndrome will suffer from mental retardation and malformations (such as heart defects), and physical deformation of the body including the face. Down syndrome is a birth defect that alters a child’s...

What Causes Pain in a Leg?

Definition Trauma is the most obvious cause of leg pain. Falls, near falls, and twisting injuries can damage bones, muscles, and joints or a combination of all three. There are many non-traumatic causes of leg pain. Causes of pain in leg Fractures: The terms fracture, broken, and cracked all mean the same thing when referring to a bone. It means that the integrity of the bone has been compromised. The most common symptom is pain which arises from the nerve endings located in the lining of the bone...

Tay-Sach’s Disease

Tay-Sachs disease is a fatal genetic lipid storage disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called ganglioside build up in tissues and nerve cells in the brain. The disease is named after the British ophthalmologist Warren Tay who first described the red spot on the retina of the eye in 1881, and the American neurologist Bernard Sachs of Mount Sinai Hospital, New York who described the cellular changes of Tay-Sachs and noted an increased prevalence in the Eastern European Jewish...

What Causes Macrodactyly?

Definition Macrodactyly is an uncommon birth defect in which toes or fingers are abnormally large due to overgrowth of underlying bone and soft tissue-particularly the nerves, fat and skin of the involved digit or digits. It is more commonly considered static, with the enlarged digit (finger or toe) continuing to grow at the same rate as the normal digits of the hand, but it can be progressive, with the affected digits growing faster than the rest of the hand. In the static type, the involved digits...