Category Archives for Uncategorized

What Causes Heat Stroke?

heaDefinition A heat stroke is mainly the harshest form of any heat related illness, when this occurs the temperature of the body will be higher than 41.1oC or (106oF). Most times this can be linked to neurological dysfunction. All this is however, very different than fever, as with fever there is only a physiological increase in the normal temperature set point of the body. Heat stroke is thus a very serious medical condition and must be responded to urgently, for the body systemic way of cooling...

What Causes Treachers Collins Syndrome?

Treacher-Collins syndrome is a hereditary condition that causes facial defects. Another name for this is Mandibulofacial dysostosis Treacher-Collins syndrome is caused by a defective protein called treacle. The condition is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. In about 60 per cent of cases there’s no family history and the condition is due to a new mutation of the gene. In such cases, there’s only a tiny chance that a second child with the condition will be born to the parents, but...

What Causes a Person to Blackout?

Syncope is defined as “partial or complete loss of consciousness with interruption of awareness of oneself and ones surroundings”. When the loss of consciousness is temporary and the person recovers spontaneously, it is referred to as syncope or, in non-medical terms as  fainting. Syncope or fainting, results from a temporary reduction in the blood flow and insufficient oxygen supply to the brain. When this occurs, the individual may experience lightheadedness, a “blackout” episode or loss...

Cushing’s Disease

Definition and Causes Cushing’s disease refers to the manifestation of Cushing’s syndrome as a result of a pituitary gland tumour or tumours. The pituitary gland is located at the lower portion of the brain and controls cortisol production within the body. The small tumours may cause the adrenal glands to produce too much cortisol resulting in significant changes to the body. The tumours themselves are not typically malignant or cancerous however if they enlarge they may cause vision...

Blood Clot Symptoms

Blood clot, which is also called thrombus, is a result of blood coagulation process in the so-called hemostasis. Possible causes include thrombosis and injury, wherein there is reduced blood flow. People are subject to increased risk of this medical problem if they have deep venous thrombosis, heart valve replacement as well as atrial fibrillation. Moreover, even disease-related and genetic deficiencies are possible to cause clotting. Here are some of the blood clot symptoms, treatments and diagnosis. Signs...

What Causes Chills?

The term “chills” is usually used to refer to the feeling of being cold that a person experiences after being exposed to a cold environment and persons will sometimes say that they have the chills because goose bumps come up on them to raise the hairs on their body for insulation; the term is also used when people are frightened or nervous and tremble as a result. However the term can also be used to refer to an episode of shivering, caused by a variety of illnesses, and accompanied by paleness,...

What Causes Down Syndrome?

There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in human cells. An individual will receive one pair of chromosome from each parent. Down syndrome is referred to as a common chromosome disorder which results when an individual has three copies of the 21st chromosome known as Trisomy 21 instead of two. Persons with Down syndrome will suffer from mental retardation and malformations (such as heart defects), and physical deformation of the body including the face. Down syndrome is a birth defect that alters a child’s...

Nerve Pain

Nerve pain is a difficult condition marked by tissue injury, tingling sensation and damaged nerve fibers. Although it is not life threatening, people who suffer from this interesting medical condition are expected to suffer from severe pain. It is important to know its symptoms, which will open the minds of patients to the impact of this chronic pain on the lower, upper, right and left portions of the affected area. By learning its causes, it is easier to avoid things that can further aggravate the...