Category Archives for Uncategorized

Cushing’s Disease

Definition and Causes Cushing’s disease refers to the manifestation of Cushing’s syndrome as a result of a pituitary gland tumour or tumours. The pituitary gland is located at the lower portion of the brain and controls cortisol production within the body. The small tumours may cause the adrenal glands to produce too much cortisol resulting in significant changes to the body. The tumours themselves are not typically malignant or cancerous however if they enlarge they may cause vision...

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease or borreliosis is an infectious disease that is derived from three specific species of bacteria from the genus borrelia. The strain of bacteria responsible for the infection in the United States is Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto while in Europe the strain has been identified as Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii. The disease is transmitted through tick bites from a specific kind of tick, for example the deer tick which contains the bacterium in its stomach. It is the most prevalent...

What Causes Macrodactyly?

Definition Macrodactyly is an uncommon birth defect in which toes or fingers are abnormally large due to overgrowth of underlying bone and soft tissue-particularly the nerves, fat and skin of the involved digit or digits. It is more commonly considered static, with the enlarged digit (finger or toe) continuing to grow at the same rate as the normal digits of the hand, but it can be progressive, with the affected digits growing faster than the rest of the hand. In the static type, the involved digits...

Atherosclerosis Disease

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up on the insides of your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body. The Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. The flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body is reduced. This can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death....

Wilson’s Disease

Wilson’s Disease is a genetic disorder that prevents the body from getting rid of extra copper. A small amount of copper obtained from food is needed to stay healthy, but too much copper is poisonous. In the case of Wilson’s Disease, copper builds up in the liver, brain, eyes and other organs. Over time, high copper levels can cause life-threatening organ damage. Symptoms of Wilson’s Disease Wilson’s Disease first attacks the liver, the central nervous system or both. A buildup...

What Causes Low Sodium?

Definition Hyponatremia is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood. Sodium is an electrolyte that helps with nerve and muscle function, and also helps to maintain blood pressure Causes of low sodium Narrowing down what causes low sodium can be a complex process. The important thing is to identify why you are not taking in as much sodium as you should, as you need to reverse this condition as quickly as possible. Sodium is important, as it helps the body do everything from regulate...

Symptoms of MRSA Infection

MRSA infection is a severe medical problem caused by the bacterium called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This is a tricky infection as it is resistant to different kinds of beta-lactam antibiotics such as oxacillin, dicloxacillin and of course methicillin. People with weakened immune systems, invasive devices and open wounds have higher risks of acquiring this severe disease. Common causes include antibiotic resistance and staph infections. Let’s take a closer look at this serious...

Hypothermia Treatment

Defining Hypothermia Hypothermia is a condition where a person’s core body temperature goes down far below the temperature required for normal metabolism. A human being’s body temperature is almost always constantly maintained at 36.5 to 37.5 degrees Celsius or 98 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. This constant body temperature is maintained through thermoregulation or otherwise known as homeostasis. Understanding this condition is essential in hypothermia treatment. Causes of Hypothermia Hypothermia...