Category Archives for Uncategorized

What Causes Dizziness?

Defintion Feeling dizzy is not an illness, but a symptom of something else. Dizziness is a common description for many different feelings. The feeling of dizziness may be very familiar to you, yet difficult to describe. The most common types of dizziness are vertigo and syncope. Vertigo is a medical term to describe the feeling of spinning, whirling, or motion either of yourself or your surroundings. This is the same feeling you might have after getting off a merry-go-round or spinning in place....

What Causes Macrodactyly?

Definition Macrodactyly is an uncommon birth defect in which toes or fingers are abnormally large due to overgrowth of underlying bone and soft tissue-particularly the nerves, fat and skin of the involved digit or digits. It is more commonly considered static, with the enlarged digit (finger or toe) continuing to grow at the same rate as the normal digits of the hand, but it can be progressive, with the affected digits growing faster than the rest of the hand. In the static type, the involved digits...

What Causes Low Platelets?

Platelets, or thrombocytes, are described as “small, irregularly-shaped anuclear cells (i.e. cells that do not have a nucleus containing DNA), 2-3 µm in diameter which are derived from fragmentation of precursor megakaryocytes”; megakaryocytes are bone marrow cells and the platelets are able to enter the bloodstream through broken megakaryocytes caused by thrombopoietin (hormone that maintains the platelet count). Platelets, red cells and plasma largely make up the composition of human and animal...

What Causes Circulatory Shock?

What is Circulatory Shock Circulatory shock, commonly known as just shock, is a serious, life-threatening medical condition characterized by a decrease in tissue perfusion to a point at which it is inadequate to meet cellular metabolic needs. As the blood carries oxygen and nutrients around the body, reduced flow hinders the delivery of these components to the tissues, and can stop the tissues from functioning properly. Circulatory shock should not be confused with the emotional state of shock as...

Hypothermia Treatment

Defining Hypothermia Hypothermia is a condition where a person’s core body temperature goes down far below the temperature required for normal metabolism. A human being’s body temperature is almost always constantly maintained at 36.5 to 37.5 degrees Celsius or 98 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. This constant body temperature is maintained through thermoregulation or otherwise known as homeostasis. Understanding this condition is essential in hypothermia treatment. Causes of Hypothermia Hypothermia...

Growing Pains

Growing pains are aching symptoms that are commonly felt by children. The pains are usually felt in the muscles and are experienced at night or late afternoon. The severity of the pains can range from acute to chronic. The conditions can be recurrent and can be absent from several days to months. These may not be associated with serious illnesses but the symptoms can be disturbing and it can affect the life of children so parents are advised to seek medical help from pediatricians. To learn more...

What Causes High SGPT?

Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) is an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. SGPT is released into blood when the liver or heart is damaged. The blood SGPT levels are thus elevated with liver damage (for example, from viral hepatitis) or with damage to the heart (for example, from a heart attack). Some medications can also raise SGPT levels. Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase is also known as Alanine transaminase or ALT. Although SGPT is found primarily in the liver...

Symptoms of Anemia

Anemia is a serious health concern wherein patients usually suffer from lower than normal red blood cell count or lower than normal hemoglobin quantity in their blood. It is classified into three different types, namely red blood cell deficiency, excessive blood cell destruction and excessive blood loss. Learn how to manage this medical condition by learning the major and minor symptoms of anemia, as well as its different diagnostic procedures and efficient treatments. Signs of Anemia When suffering...