Category Archives for Uncategorized

What Causes Dizziness?

Defintion Feeling dizzy is not an illness, but a symptom of something else. Dizziness is a common description for many different feelings. The feeling of dizziness may be very familiar to you, yet difficult to describe. The most common types of dizziness are vertigo and syncope. Vertigo is a medical term to describe the feeling of spinning, whirling, or motion either of yourself or your surroundings. This is the same feeling you might have after getting off a merry-go-round or spinning in place....

What Causes Vertigo?

Vertigo is defined as “the sensation of spinning or whirling that occurs as a result of a disturbance in balance (equilibrium)”. Vertigo is described as a symptom, it is not a disease. Similar symptoms such as dizziness, lightheadedness, faintness and unsteadiness may also be attributed to vertigo. Persons that experience vertigo usually feel like either they or their surroundings is moving or spinning. This disillusion can be broken down to two types: The sensation of movement is called subjective...

What Causes Low Platelets?

Platelets, or thrombocytes, are described as “small, irregularly-shaped anuclear cells (i.e. cells that do not have a nucleus containing DNA), 2-3 µm in diameter which are derived from fragmentation of precursor megakaryocytes”; megakaryocytes are bone marrow cells and the platelets are able to enter the bloodstream through broken megakaryocytes caused by thrombopoietin (hormone that maintains the platelet count). Platelets, red cells and plasma largely make up the composition of human and animal...

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease or borreliosis is an infectious disease that is derived from three specific species of bacteria from the genus borrelia. The strain of bacteria responsible for the infection in the United States is Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto while in Europe the strain has been identified as Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii. The disease is transmitted through tick bites from a specific kind of tick, for example the deer tick which contains the bacterium in its stomach. It is the most prevalent...

What Causes Chills?

The term “chills” is usually used to refer to the feeling of being cold that a person experiences after being exposed to a cold environment and persons will sometimes say that they have the chills because goose bumps come up on them to raise the hairs on their body for insulation; the term is also used when people are frightened or nervous and tremble as a result. However the term can also be used to refer to an episode of shivering, caused by a variety of illnesses, and accompanied by paleness,...

Leg Pain

The leg is one of the busiest, most used and highly important parts of the human body. It serves basic functions like standing, walking and running. However, its functionalities are hampered by injuries and infections, both of which can cause severe pain to the lower, upper, right and left parts of the leg. To understand what this medical condition is all about, it is quite necessary to look at its symptoms, diagnosis, causes as well as treatments.Leg Pain Symptoms The signs and symptoms of leg...

What Causes High SGPT?

Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) is an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. SGPT is released into blood when the liver or heart is damaged. The blood SGPT levels are thus elevated with liver damage (for example, from viral hepatitis) or with damage to the heart (for example, from a heart attack). Some medications can also raise SGPT levels. Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase is also known as Alanine transaminase or ALT. Although SGPT is found primarily in the liver...

Mitochondrial Disease

Mitochondrial diseases comprise those disorders that in one way or another affect the function of the mitochondria or are due to mitochondrial DNA. Mitochondrial diseases take on unique characteristics both because of the way the diseases are often inherited and because mitochondria are so critical to cell function. The subclass of these diseases that have neuromuscular disease symptoms are often referred to as a mitochondrial myopathy. Read more

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